The family lived in Moscow, at Chistye Prudy 11, in a ten-room apartment in a five-story building; later they moved to an apartment on First Meschanskaya. Since Stephan Kossman was a merchant of the First Guild, it was no longer safe for his family to live in the city after the Bolshevik takeover. The Brenson-Kossman family left Moscow for Riga–where Ruth’s father lived–in the beginning of 1918.
Back row (from left to right): Leonid Kossman, his sister Nora Gottlieb (nee Kossman), Nora’s husband Volya (Voldemar) Gottlieb, Volya’s sister. Front row: Ruth Brenson (Leonid’s mother), Volya’s parents.
Of the seven people pictured here, four were killed during WWII: Ruth Brenson, Volya’s sister, and both of Volya’s parents.